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News Digest / Guides / Demystifying Cryptocurrency: Separating Fact from Fiction

Demystifying Cryptocurrency: Separating Fact from Fiction

Lukas Schmidt
10:57am, Friday, Mar 15, 2024

Photo by Kanchanara on Unsplash

Cryptocurrency has been a topic of intense discussion and speculation since its inception. While it has introduced groundbreaking financial technology and investment opportunities, it has also been shrouded in myths and misconceptions. One of the most prevalent questions is whether cryptocurrency is merely a sophisticated pyramid scheme. Let's address this and other common myths to shed light on the true nature of cryptocurrency.

Myth 1: Cryptocurrency Is Just a Pyramid Scheme

A pyramid scheme is a business model that recruits members via a promise of payments or services for enrolling others into the scheme, rather than supplying investments or sale of products. By contrast, cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security and operates independently of a central bank. It's a legitimate asset class with a market-determined by supply and demand dynamics, not by recruiting new members. While there have been scams within the crypto space, labeling the entire cryptocurrency system as a pyramid scheme is inaccurate.

Myth 2: Cryptocurrencies Have No Intrinsic Value

Critics often argue that cryptocurrencies lack intrinsic value because they are not backed by physical commodities or government fiat. However, this perspective overlooks the technological and network value of blockchain, the underlying technology of cryptocurrencies. Blockchain offers decentralization, security, and transparency, which are seen as valuable by investors and users. Moreover, the value of a currency, even traditional ones, is primarily based on trust and acceptance among its users, which cryptocurrencies are increasingly gaining.

Myth 3: Cryptocurrency Is Only for Illicit Activities

Due to its anonymous or pseudonymous nature, there's a myth that cryptocurrency is mainly used for illicit activities. While it's true that crypto has been used in illegal transactions, the vast majority of cryptocurrency transactions are for legitimate purposes. Cryptocurrencies offer lower transaction fees, faster transfers, and access to financial services for the unbanked population worldwide.

Myth 4: Cryptocurrencies Are Too Volatile to Be Useful

Cryptocurrency markets are indeed more volatile than traditional financial markets. However, this volatility is partly due to their relatively young age and the ongoing process of price discovery. Many investors see this volatility as an opportunity for high returns. Furthermore, as the market matures and more institutional investors get involved, the volatility is expected to decrease over time.

Myth 5: Cryptocurrency Is a Fad That Will Fade Away

Some skeptics view cryptocurrency as a temporary trend without long-term viability. However, with the growing adoption of blockchain technology by companies and governments, along with the increasing interest from institutional investors, it's becoming clear that cryptocurrencies and the technology behind them have the potential to transform various sectors, including finance, supply chain management, and even governance.


Cryptocurrency remains one of the most misunderstood technologies and asset classes today. While it's crucial to approach investment with caution and do thorough research, dismissing cryptocurrency as a pyramid scheme or a fad ignores its potential and the innovative technology underlying it. As with any emerging technology, understanding and adaptation are crucial to navigating the future landscape.

About The Author

Lukas Schmidt